Tuesday, 01 December 2009
Notes on Rome
- Rome began as a village near the Tiber River in present day Italy.
- 753 B.C. to 509 B.C. it was ruled by kings
- 509 B.C. to 27 B.C. Rome was a republic
- plebians – lower class
- patricians – higher class
287 B.C. plebians gained equal rights
88 B.C. reforms needed – Civil wars
49 B.C Julius Caesar became dictator
44 B.C. he was assinated
27 B.C. Augustus Caesar is declared Emperor
27 B.C. – 476 A.D. – Rome is an Empire
14 A.D. – Augustus Caesar dies and is declared a God
106-43 B.C. – Marcus Tullius Cicero lived
He was a Roman statesman, attorney, orator, former consul who defended the Republic and opposed dictatorship.
November 6th Class Notes
2 primary reasons for the fall of Rome
1). Corruption- (massive bureaucracy, inflation, political law)
2). Multi-culturally over-extended (they forgot what it meant to be Roman)
we discussed what it means to be an American?????
Cicero – 106 BC – 43 BC - Roman attorney, orator, and formal consul, who opposed
Rome’s drift toward dictatorship. Opposed Julius Caesar.
- recognized rules of "right conduct" from a Supreme Creator
- believed that Natural Law is the Creator’s order in how the world should work
- believed man’s ability to reason is from God and will lead to common sense conclusions in gov’t, justice and human relations
- believed that the foundation of Justice is love for our fellowman
- believed that what holds society together is love of God.
- was murdered for his political ideas
Cicero was getting a glimpse of truth
1). That which corresponds to reality as perceived by God
2). Conformity to fact or reality in exact accordance with that which is or has been or shall be
We act on what we believe is really real
History can be rewritten and distorted (historical revisionism)
Examples: Matt. 28:11-15
Denial of Holocaust
If you believe a lie you can be controlled by others!
Absence of truth brings bondage and manipulation
Insanity – lose of touch with reality and believing the lie is real.
World leaders can lose touch with reality and disregard Natural Law
Examples: Hitler, Mao
Also discussed whether feelings about something is more important about God’s truth claims.
One of the students giving a current event...
Student who gave a report on Athens...
Our November 20th class was so excellent, as was the Nov. 6th class. I (Brenda) have been thoroughly enjoying being in Dave's class.
November 20th Class notesEurope falls into the Middle Ages or Dark Ages, after the fall of Rome.
Much of Europe develops a political and economic system called feudalism.
fiefs - tracts of land granted by powerful lords to loyal nobles called vassals (Prince, Baron, Duke or Count) in exchange for supplying knights.
- each fief had a manor (self sufficient agricultural community)
Jesus never did what most influential people in history have done. He was not:
Are all religions the same?
Are religions different ways of comprehending the same truth?
Can all be true?
3 Characteristics that are unique to Christianity
2.) "Render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and unto God the things that are God’s" - this is foundational to the idea of separation of church and state and limited Gov’t
- Human dignity – Jesus reached out to the lowest classes of people (lepers, poor, etc.) Mankind could now have a meaningful valuable life. They could now see themselves created by God for a purpose and to have a relationship with Him, regardless of wealth, status, race, etc.. This is the foundation of true human rights.
5.) service to others is noble – Luke 22:27, Mark 10:41-45. What a radical idea would have been for His day. Imagine Caesar viewing himself as a servant to others. This is the foundation of public servants.
- compassion – because of Jesus, throughout the centuries there was better care for the poor, sick and widows
Atheists will try to undermine belief in God and claim to have science and reason on their side. They believe that it is foolish and unreasonable to believe in God and that miracles are impossible, but remember Christianity is dependent on miracles. There are 2 ways to confront an atheist, using reason.
- because something exists today, something would have always had to exist, because you cannot get something from nothing. Therefore, that something could reasonably be an eternal God.
A student presenting a current event...
We have a class this friday, so I will update you on that later.
Until next time.......